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What is the difference between will and estate planning

Deciding how your assets will be divided and distributed after you’ve passed away is a complex but essential decision. Will and estate planning are two important aspects of this process, but they often need clarification and more fully understood. To help clear up the confusion, here is a brief overview of the differences between will and estate planning.

What is a Will?

A Will is a legal document that outlines how you want your estate and any other assets to be distributed after you pass away. It is a plan for what happens to your estate – including any possessions, money, and property – after you die. 

It is an essential document, as it allows you to ensure that your wishes are followed and that your loved ones are taken care of. Writing a Will can be a daunting task. Still, it’s essential to ensure that your wishes are carried out and that your property is distributed according to your wishes. 

A Will is often written with the help of a lawyer, and it should be updated regularly to reflect any life changes, such as marriage, divorce, and the birth of a child.

What is Estate Planning?

Estate planning is a broader term encompassing a range of legal documents and strategies designed to manage a person’s assets during and after their death. 

Estate planning typically involves a will but may include other documents such as trusts, powers of attorney, and healthcare directives. 

The goal of estate planning is to ensure that a person’s assets are distributed according to their wishes, minimize taxes and other expenses, and provide for loved ones in the event of incapacity or death.

Differences Between Wills and Estate Planning

Wills and estate planning are two legal tools individuals use to manage their assets and affairs. Both involve planning for the future, but the two have significant differences. Here are some key differences between wills and estate planning:

  • Probate

Probate is the legal process that occurs after an individual passes away, involving the validation of a will, identification of the deceased’s assets, payment of any obligations, taxes owed included, and assets’ distribution to the named beneficiaries in the said will. 

One of the key differences between wills and estate planning is that a will must go through probate, whereas some estate planning tools do not.

  • Trusts

One of the primary tools used in estate planning is trust. A trust is a legal entity that holds assets for the benefit of designated beneficiaries. Trust can be created during an individual’s lifetime or after their death. 

Trusts are often used to avoid probate, protect assets from creditors, and provide for minor children. They can also be used to manage assets for individuals who are incapacitated or who have special needs.

  • Flexibility

One of the advantages of estate planning is that it allows for greater flexibility than a will. Estate planning tools can be customized to fit an individual’s needs and circumstances. 

For example, a trust can be set up to provide for the needs of a special needs child, or a power of attorney can be designated for a trusted friend or family member who is better equipped to manage an individual’s financial affairs.

  • Privacy

Another advantage of estate planning over a will is privacy. Wills are public records, which means that anyone can access the information contained in them. 

On the other hand, estate planning tools are often kept private, which can help protect an individual’s privacy and prevent disputes among family members.

  • Cost

Wills are generally less expensive than estate plans, which can involve multiple legal documents and more complex strategies. However, the cost of estate planning can often be justified by its benefits, such as avoiding probate, minimizing estate taxes, and providing for the future needs of loved ones.

Outlining The Legal Implications of Will and Estate Planning

Estate planning and wills are essential to any comprehensive plan to manage an individual’s assets and affairs. However, several legal implications must be considered when creating an estate plan or drafting a will. 

Healthcare Directives

Healthcare directives are legal documents that outline an individual’s wishes regarding medical treatment if they cannot decide for themselves. 

Healthcare directives can include instructions for end-of-life care, such as whether to receive life-sustaining treatment and to appoint a healthcare proxy to make medical decisions on their behalf.


Guardianship is another legal implication that must be considered when creating an estate plan. If an individual has minor children, they must designate a guardian who will be responsible for their care if both parents cannot do so.

If an individual does not designate a guardian in their estate plan, the court will appoint one based on what it deems to be in the child’s best interests. 

It is essential to consider who to appoint as a guardian carefully and to ensure that the individual is willing and able to take on the responsibility.

Powers of Attorney

Powers of attorney are legal documents that designate an individual to make financial decisions on their behalf if they cannot do so. A power of attorney can provide peace of mind that an individual’s financial affairs will be managed effectively if incapacitated.

When Is the Ideal Time to Create a Will or Estate Plan?

Creating a will or estate plan is essential in ensuring that your assets are distributed according to your wishes after you pass away. However, many still must determine the ideal time to create a will or estate plan.

The short answer is that it is always early enough to start planning. Whether you are young and just starting in life or older and have accumulated significant assets, creating a will or estate plan can provide peace of mind and ensure that your wishes are carried out in the event of your death.

Creating a will or estate plan is essential if you have minor children or dependents who rely on you financially. Designating guardianship and creating a trust to manage assets can ensure your loved ones are cared for during your death.

As life circumstances change, reviewing and updating your will or estate plan is essential. For example, if you get married, divorced, or have a child, you may need to revise your plan to reflect these changes.